Revision of Lepidoptera of Egypt, Superfamily Noctuoidea Part II: Erebidae, Nolidae and Euteliidae

Document Type : Original Article


Senior Scientific Officer, Inter African Phytosanitary Council, African Union


Noctuoidea is one of the largest subfamilies of moths (about 70,000 species around the world). In recent years the classification of Noctuoidea has been the subject of permanent classification change. In Egypt, Noctuoidea is the richest superfamily of Lepidoptera, 359 species belonging to four families were recorded (Noctuidae, with 206 species, Erebidae, with 140 species; Nolidae with 12 species and Euteliidae, with two species). Family Noctuidae was revised before and in this paper, we revised the other three families (Erebidae, Nolidae and Euteliidae).
             Erebidae is a family belonging to Superfamily Noctuoidea. This family is among the largest families of moths by species count and contains a wide variety of well-known macro-moth groups. Based on material collected from different Egyptian regions, from the main reference collections in Egypt, light traps collections, National museums and other references, we found 12 subfamilies (Anobinae; Arctiinae; Boletobiinae; Calpinae; Erebinae; Eublemminae; Hypeninae; Lymantriinae; Phytometrinae; Rivulinae; Scoliopteryginae and Toxocampinae), 140 species and two subspecies belonging to 55 genera.  Subfamily Erebinae is the largest subfamily represented by 26 genera and 61 species); while there are 3 subfamilies represented by one genus and one species only (Anobinae; Phytometrinae and Scolecocampinae). Taxonomic position, synonyms and types are included, in addition to the photographs for available species are provided. This subfamily according to the new taxonomy of superfamily Noctuoidea and it is the first time to review in Egypt.
             In Egypt family Nolidae represented by 3 subfamilies (Nolinae Bruand, 1846, Chloephorinae Stainton, 1859; Eariadinae Hampson, 1912), while family Euteliidae represent by one subfamily (Subfamily Euteliinae Grote, 1882) has two species under one genus.